A Linux distribution also abbreviated as a distro and is distributed freely under GNU. Since Linux became a buzzword many organizations have started offering professional support and there are many sites on the Net where Linux questions are answered for free. Of course, if you are good at coding you can tweak the source code directly. Linux distributions are free to download.
Linux is Multitasking and Multi-user Operating System. Linux can be generally divided into four major components:
- FILE STRUCTURE
The kernel is the core program that runs programs and manages Hardware devices and mostly written in “C”. Allocates the system resources, scheduling of tasks, and memory management.
Shell provides an interface for the user. It receives commands from the user and sends those commands to the Kernel for execution. Linux shell is a BASH shell. It can be described as an interpreter between the USER and the Machine.
File Structure organizes the way; the files are stored to or retrieved from a storage device. Files are organized into directories, each directory may contain many numbers of subdirectories
The structure of the file system is hierarchical. It provides a logical method of organizing and managing information.
Linux has various inbuilt software programs called utilities. The utilities are specialized programs such as Editors, Compilers, and communication programs.
List of Most Usable Linux Distro
1. Arch Linux
4. Linux Mint
Lets Decryptinfo about Top Usable Linux Distro
1. Arch Linux
Arch Linux is a Linux distribution for computers with x86-64 processors. It is a rolling release which means that it constantly gets updates of fixes and new features and it can be installed from a CD image, USB, or via an FTP server. Arch Linux adheres to five principles: simplicity, modernity, pragmatism, user centrality, and versatility
CentOS is a Linux distribution that provides a free, community-supported computing platform functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux. It’s also used by many organizations for development and production servers.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community Fedora Project, is sponsored by Red Hat. Server is a powerful, flexible operating system that includes the best and latest datacenter technologies.
4. Linux Mint
Linux Mint is a community-driven Linux distribution based on Ubuntu or Debian, and bundled with a variety of free and open-source applications. The most popular version of Linux Mint is the Cinnamon edition. Cinnamon is primarily developed by Linux Mint.
OpenSUSE is a Linux distribution sponsored by SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH. OpenSUSE does not focus on absolute ease of use, preferring to offer users flexibility and choice.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux supports and powers software and technologies for automation, cloud, containers, middleware, storage, application development, microservices, virtualization, management, and more. Red Hat Enterprise Linux is based completely on free and open source software, Red Hat makes available the complete source code to its enterprise distribution through its FTP site to anybody who needs it.
Ubuntu is a Linux distribution based on Debian mostly composed of free and open-source software. This is a good distribution for beginners. Ubuntu Linux is officially released in three editions: Desktop, Server, and Core for the Internet of things devices and robots.